Although you are unlikely to run entirely out of fuel on a
typical cruise, do check the fuel gauge regularly, and fill up whenever you can
after 20 hours of motor use or once the gauge falls below two
thirds. (See also
fuel economy tips). In our experience, 2/3 indicates that
approximately 100 litres have been used from the 210 litre tank.
Try to avoid falling below 1/2 tank on the gauge.
That provides a good reserve. When using the bottom of
the tank, sloshing due to rough seas and heeling angles when
motor-sailing can result in excess air and sediment being
drawn through the filter system, potentially resulting in
problems. Boats always run better with a full
Keeping the tank full reduces the build-up
of condensation in the tank. Condensation ends up as water in the fuel
system. Keeping a full tank also reduces sloshing and sediment
pickup from the tank bottom and ensures the furnace will not run
out of fuel. By design, the furnace draws its fuel from an
outlet higher up on the tank than the engine so that, when fuel
is getting low, the engine has priority on any remaining fuel.
Also, by consulting www.AciveCaptain.com
or other references, you can buy where most convenient and where
prices are best.
We have found the prices for fuel at North Saanich Marina
Van Isle Marina (1-250-656-1138) near Sidney to
be as low as anywhere nearby in Canada. These locations
are ideal for refuelling as you return to base.
Be warned, though that the entry to North Saanich Marina
is narrow and shallow, especially at low tide. Cassiopeia
draws nearly seven feet. The Van Isle Marina fuel dock
is easy to reach and can be approached on the convenient,
but exposed outer side or from the more sheltered backside.
Hours may vary. Phone for hours
if in doubt.
fuel filler is a chrome screw cap at the very stern on the starboard
side and can be comfortably reached from the dock, or, if tied
portside to the dock, from the swim platform.
Make sure the pump says, "Diesel"
Cassiopeia's filler cap says, "Diesel" on it. Never
fill with gasoline -- under any circumstances. Gasoline
will not work, and will damage the engine immediately.
The diesel filler cap on Cassiopeia is located on the
starboard stern, and a water filler is located on the portside
stern, Make sure you look carefully before filling either.
The key for
unscrewing the cap is a small black plastic piece with two points
and is kept in the nav station on a floating key ring. All
fuel docks also have a key handy.
Minimize the likelihood of being shaken by swells or wakes
while fuelling by watching for traffic and choosing the
least exposed position on the dock.
Place a fender or two further aft than usual to prevent
chafing against the dock.
Moor the boat securely, preferably with the starboard side to the
Tie the stern closer to the dock than normal to minimize the gap and
to reduce rocking.
Turn off the engine.
Close the hatches.
Get all crew ashore.
Donít smoke or use electrical switches.
Ground the nozzle against the filler pipe on the boat.
Always have a good sized absorbent rag in the hand not holding the
nozzle, and near the filler to catch drips or foam.
Fill slowly and watch and listen for bubbles at the fuel tank
Slow down the stream when the tank sounds as if it is getting
Donít top up the tank once it is full, or overfill. Leave
a little expansion room.
Often, once the the tank is full, and moments after filling
stops, a little foam and fuel will spurt from the vent which
is located just above the filler. Be ready with the
Wipe up any spillage.
Screw the cap on securely so that the rubber O-ring seals to
keep the fuel in, and to keep water out.
Remember to fill the outboard tank if necessary
The outboard tank should be placed on the dock for filling.
The dinghy outboard is a four-stroke engine. It uses
ordinary marine gasoline. Do not mix oil with the
Please use only marine gasoline sold at marinas.
Gasoline sold for cars contains ethanol which can absorb
water and cause problems on boats.
it is ever necessary to fill the diesel tank from a jerry can (portable fuel
container) make sure the jerry can is clean inside before
filling it. If offered a jerry can that already contains
fuel, make sure the fuel is fresh diesel fuel, not
gasoline. Proper diesel jerry cans are yellow, not red,
but that does not mean they might not have something other than
diesel in them.
Gasoline will not work in a diesel engine and may destroy
it. Avoid old or doubtful fuel as it can foul the
Do not use biodiesel or any alternative fuel. No
matter what you may have heard, it is not suitable for boat
engines where failure is not an option.
in doubt, do not pour the last cup or so from a jerry can into
the boat's tank, as that any dirt and water in the jerry can
will be in that last little bit of fuel at the bottom.
Water or dirt in fuel can and will clog filters and stop the
engine, potentially at the worse possible moment. We
maintain the fuel system scrupulously, so please do the same.
Diesel fuel will not work in the outboard.
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While the information provided here
is believed to be correct at time of publication, errors are possible
and things may change, so readers should verify details before making important
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